Grammar can be an tool that is essential success in school, work, and life. We are judged, sometimes quite severely, by the expressed words we use and in what way we added them inside our speaking and writing. Our written and spoken words can betray us. They reflect our background, education, and ability to communicate. For example, many years ago, the principal walked into my room while my student teacher was delivering a lesson. The principal signaled me to step outside.
“I after a few minutes does not ever hire that man that is young” he said.
Shocked, I asked him why.
“On the board, he has a modifier that is dangling he ended a sentence at a preposition.”
Sounds quite harsh, don’t you think? Only a few educated adult attaches the level that is same of regarding the proper use of grammar as does that principal. However, many do. Following are the Top 40 Grammar Pet Peeves that irritate most Americans with tips to help you avoid these common errors that are grammatical
1. Dangling Modifiers
Incorrect – Tossed high on the sky, the Frisbee was caught by the dog.
Correct – The dog caught the Frisbee, which had been tossed high into the sky.
Tip: Keep modifiers close to the words that they describe to avoid modifiers that are dangling
Incorrect – i will of known that the machines could of gone yesterday.
Correct – i will have known which they can have gone yesterday.
Tip: The modals would, could, should, must, might, may should never be mixed with of.
Incorrect – that learning student is not feeling good.
Correct – That student is not feeling well.
Tip: Don’t use adjectives, e.g., good, in place of adverbs, e.g., well. Usually follow “_ing” with well, not good.
4. Comparative Modifiers (one or two syllables)
Incorrect – I picked the smallest piece of the two to be graciouser and because it was easier to reach.
Tip because it was more easy to reach.
Correct – I picked the smaller piece of the two to be more gracious and: Use “_er” for 1 or two modifiers that are syllable more for two syllable modifiers, if more sounds better.
5. Comparative Modifiers (three or more syllables)
Incorrect – each song that is new wonderfuller than the previous ones.
Correct – each song that is new more wonderful than the old ones.
Tip: Use more (less) for a three – syllable or longer modifier to compare two things.
6. Superlative Modifiers
Incorrect – Oswald is the more hyperactive of the three boys, but runs quicker that is least.
Correct – Oswald is considered the most hyperactive about the three boys, but runs least quickly.
Tip: Use most (least) at a three – syllable or longer modifier to compare and contrast three or higher things. Always try to use most or least for adverbs ending in “_ly.”
7. Subjunctive cases (moods)
Incorrect – I could buy what I need.
Correct if I was a rich man – I could buy what I need.
Tip if I were a rich man: make use of subjunctive to convey any doubt, a wish, as well as a guess.
Incorrect – The good news is that never, never repeat words or phrases, and steer clear of using veryinteresting, super words that are nice contribute little to a sentence.
Correct – Never repeat words or phrases, and avoid words that are using contribute little onto a sentence.
Tip: Direct attention to brevity on paper. Whenever in doubt, allow it to cook out.
9. Preposition Placement
Incorrect – Prepositions are generally not good to absolve sentences with.
Correct – usually do not end sentences with prepositions.
Tip: A preposition works as a word that displays some relationship or position from a noun that is common a proper noun, or a pronoun and its object. The preposition is always part of a phrase and comes before its object. The preposition asks “What?” and the answer is provided by the object. Ending sentences with prepositions eliminates their objects, so avoid these constructions if possible.
10. Parallel Structure
Incorrect – Swimming, to tackle tennis, as well as basketball are popular sports within the school that is high
Correct – Swimming, tennis, and basketball are popular sports at the school that is high
Tip: the definition of parallelism is about a repeated construction that is grammatical of word, a phrase, or a clause. Especially verb that is keep parallel within your same sentence.
11. Split Infinitives
Incorrect – It’s really a mistake to split an infinitive ever.
Correct – It is always a mistake to split an infinitive.
Tip: An infinitive has a to + the form that is base of verb. Locating a word amongst the to because the form that is base of verb can create confusion. If tempted to split the infinitive, brainstorm for better verbs.
12. Double Negatives
Incorrect – Never use no negatives that are double
Correct – avoid the use of negatives that are double
Tip: A negative that is double cancel one anoher out and create an unintended positive. Just like, “I do not really nothing like you” may rather prolong than end, a relationship.
13. Noun – Verb Agreements (numbers)
Incorrect – The calculations indicates that there will be an downturn that is economic.
Correct – The calculations indicate that we will have a fiscal downturn soon.
Tip: The verb that acts upon that noun usually does not end in an s.
14 if the noun is plural (ends in an s. Verbing Nouns
Incorrect – Grammar is negatively impacting my ability to write.
Correct – Grammar has a impact that is negative my opportunity to write.
Tip: Do not make nouns into verbs. Also, avoid stringing nouns together, along the lines of in “Top Grammar Pet Peeves.” Do note that neither wrestler would look for “Top Grammatical Pet Peeves.”
15. Subject Case Pronouns (used as appositives)
Incorrect – Everyone came prior to when she.
Tip than her.
Correct – Everyone came earlier: Use the case that is subject in the pronoun falls under an appositive, like for example after than or as. An appositive may be a noun or pronoun placed together with another pronoun or noun to identify or explain it. Re – order the sentence to check if the pronoun sounds right, e.g., “She came earlier than everyone.”
16. Subject Case Pronouns (compound subjects)
Incorrect – Her and Muffy play video games.
Correct – She and play that is muffy games.
Tip: Drop other nouns or pronouns if there is a substance subject (a couple of subjects), and look within the remaining sounds that are pronoun, e.g., “Her plays video games” sounds bad while “She plays video games” sounds good.
17. Subject Case Pronouns (pronoun order)
Incorrect – I and Zelda enjoy the beach.
Correct – Zelda and I enjoy the beach.
Tip: Remember that English is a language that is polite the main person pronouns (I, me, ours, mine) are usually placed last when coupled with other nouns or pronouns.
18. Subject Case Pronouns (working as predicate nominatives)
Incorrect – the learning students who got into trouble are them.
Correct – The students who got into trouble are they.
Tip: A predicate nominative follows a “to be” verb (is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been) and identifies or refers to the subject. Re – order the sentence to check if the pronoun sounds right, e.g., “They are the learning students who found myself in trouble.”
19. Object Case Pronouns (working as objects of prepositions)
Incorrect – The fly buzzed between you and also me.
Tip between you and I.
Correct – The fly buzzed: Use the object case pronoun if the pronoun is an object of a preposition. A preposition shows some relationship or position between the preposition and its object (a noun that is proper a common noun, as well as a pronoun). The preposition asks “What?” together with the answer is provided by the object.
20. Object Case Pronouns (serving as direct objects)
Incorrect – The challenge excited we.
Correct – The challenge excited us.
Tip: Use the object case pronoun if the pronoun is the object that is direct. The object that is direct the action of the verb and answers “What?” or “Who?”
21. Object Case Pronouns (serving as indirect objects)
Incorrect – Robert gave they a king – size candy bar.
Correct – Robert gave them a king – size candy bar.
Tip: Use the object case pronoun if the pronoun is an object that is indirect of verb. The object that is indirect placed between a verb and its direct object. It answers “To What?” “To Whom,” ” For What?” or “For Whom?”
22. Object Case Pronouns (serving as appositives)
Incorrect – the trained teacher yelled at two students, Zippy and I.
Correct – The teacher yelled at two students, Zippy and me.
Tip: The particular object case pronoun in the object that is direct described by an appositive phrase (a phrase that identifies or explains another noun or pronoun placed next to it).
23. Object Case Pronouns (connected to infinitives)
Incorrect – I want we to give the speech.
Correct – I want us to give the speech.
Tip: Use the object case pronoun if the pronoun is connected to an infinitive. An infinitive has a to + the form that is base of verb.
24. Gender Pronouns
Incorrect – Everybody has their problems that are own Everyone has his/her own problems.
Correct – Everyone has his own problems (Yes, English is a masculine – based language) or better… All people have their problems that are own
Tip: to get to be inclusive (and politically correct), make pronoun references plural. In avoiding the wordy and confusing “his or hers her.”
25 for him and. Reflexive Pronouns
Incorrect – the ongoing party was for Bob and myself, as well as I allowed me the privilege of attending the celebration.
Correct – The party was for Bob and me, as well as I allowed myself the privilege of attending the celebration.
Tip: Try not to use pronouns that are reflexivemyself, yourself(ves), himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves) in place of object case pronouns. Reflexives refer to the subject. An pronoun that is intensive a motion, e.g., “Let me do it right myself.”
26. Pronoun Antecedents (writing about references that are ambiguous
Incorrect – When Bobby asked for help, they asked why.
Problem – Who are the they?
Correct – When Bobby asked for help, his friends asked why.
Tip: An antecedent is the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.Make sure antecedents are specific. Otherwise, the reference that is pronoun be confusing.
27. Pronoun Antecedents (writing about the objects of prepositions)
Incorrect – In Twainis the Celebrated Frog of Calaveras County, he uses humor that is political
Problem – Who, or what, is he?
Correct – In Twain’s The Celebrated Frog of Calaveras County, the authoruses political humor.
Tip: Don’t have a refer that is pronoun the thing from a prepositional phrase, e.g., “of Calaveras County.”
28. Pronoun Antecedents (writing about this, that, these, those, it, its)
Incorrect – an egg was made by him, put the dog food in its bowl, and put this on histoast to eat.
Problem – What is this? Whose is his?
Correct – an egg was made by him and publish it when he needed to park toast. Then, the dog was put by him food inits bowl.
Tip: Make sure that the pronouns that are singular and also and therefore plural pronouns these but they are still specifically make reference to precisely what is intended. Keep these pronouns next to their references.
29. Pronoun Antecedents (writing about possessives)
Incorrect – In New York’s famous zoo, they treat their zoo – keepers well.
Problem – who will be the they in addition to their?
Correct – In New York’s famous zoo, the animals treat their zoo – keepers well.
Tip: Don’t have pronoun relate to a antecedent that is possessive. A possessive is a noun that is common proper noun, or pronoun that displays ownership.
30. The This, That, These, Those Pronouns (working as demonstrative adjectives)
Incorrect – I really like these over there.
Correct – i find nice those over there.
Tip: Make use of this considering that they for objects within easy reach; use that tough but are for objects not within reach.
31. The Who Pronoun
Incorrect – Whom made it happen, as well as why is this?
Correct – Who made it happen, as well as why is this?
Tip: The pronoun who’s going to be while in the subject (nominative) case. The who takes the role about the subject. Try substituting he for who and rephrase, as appropriate. Only if it sounds right, the actual who, for example “Him made it happen” sounds bad while “He made it happen” sounds good.
32. The Whom Pronoun
Incorrect – i find nice who the award was given by you, but to who does this letter concern?
Correct – I like whom you gave the award, but to whom does this letter concern?
Tip: The pronoun whom is in the case that is objective. The indirect object of the verb, or the object of the preposition in other words, it is takes the place of the direct object. Try substituting him for whom and rephrase, if necessary. If it sounds right, use whom. “I like he” and “to he does this letter concern” sound bad while “I like him” and “to him does this letter concern” sound good.
33. The Who Pronoun (serving at the start of relative clauses)
Incorrect – The man which showed me the motor car was friendly.
Correct – the person who showed me the actual vehicle was friendly.
Tip: Whenever starting a clause that is relative use who to refer to specific people.
34. The That Pronoun (serving at the start of relative clauses)
Incorrect – The movie which we watched was entertaining.
Correct – The movie that we watched was entertaining.
Tip: The pronoun that can refer to unspecific, or general, people or things. Use the pronoun that when the clause is needed to understand or restrict the meaning of the rest of the sentence.
35. The Which Pronoun (serving at the start of relative clauses)
Incorrect – A dog, which is compliant, is easy to train.
Correct – A Golden Retriever, which is compliant, is easy to train.
Tip: The pronoun which can only refer to things that are specific. The particular pronounwhich in clauses that come with additional, however is not information that is necessary the rest of the sentence.
36. Indefinite Pronouns (general singular)
Incorrect – Everyone are ready for lunch.
Correct – Everyone is ready for lunch.
Tip: An indefinite singular pronoun does not refer to a noun that is definite. The next pronouns that are indefinite singular: anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, neither, nobody, nothing, no one, one, somebody, someone, and something. Look at the second part of the word that is compound for example something, to view singular or plural for all these pronouns that are indefinite
37. Indefinite Pronouns (general plural)
Incorrect – Several gives him advice.
Correct – Several give him advice.
Tip: An plural that is indefinite refuses to make reference to definite nouns. The next pronouns that are indefinite plural: both, few, many, and several. Indefinite pronouns that are plural not often compound words.
38. Indefinite Pronouns (singular determining quantity or measurement)
Incorrect – More during the food were inclined to the homeless.
The word clue is food.
Correct – a lot of food was handed for your homeless.
Tip: Indefinite pronouns that express quantity or measurement is probably singular or plural depending on the word that is surrounding. Pay attention that is special the thing from a preposition word clue establishing a connection to these pronouns. Singular pronouns that are indefinite all the food, any of this, half of it, more of that, most of it, none of that, other one, some child(*)39. Indefinite Pronouns (plural quantity that is determining measurement)(*)Incorrect – More boys appears to be playing sports in these modern times.(*)The word clue is boys.(*)Correct – More boys look to be sports that are playing days.(*)Tip: Indefinite pronouns that express quantity or measurement may be singular or plural depending upon the word that is surrounding. Pay attention that is special the object of a preposition word clue connecting to these pronouns. Plural pronouns that are indefinite all girls, any one of these, share of those, more boys, most friends, none among people, other friends, a lot of them(*)40. Possessive Pronouns(*)Incorrect – Bilbo’s faking will not help his success as often as him planning.(*)Correct – Bilbo’s faking will not help his success close to his planning.(*)Tip: A pronoun that is possessivemy, your, his, her, its, their, our), not just a subject or object case pronoun, ought to be connected with a gerund. A gerund is a “_ing” method of a noun.(*)Resource: Teaching Grammar and Mechanics ©2003 Pennington Publishing.(*)
Top 40 Grammar Pet Peeves Breed Characteristics
|Adaptability||stars||Dog Friendly||stars||Shedding Level||stars|
|Affection Level||stars||Exercise Needs||stars||Social Needs||stars|
|Apartment Friendly||stars||Grooming||stars||Stranger Friendly||stars|
|Barking Tendencies||stars||Health Issues||stars||Territorial||stars|
|Child Friendly||star||Playfulness||stars||Watchdog Ability||stars|
- Affection Level
- Apartment Friendly
- Barking Tendencies
- Cat Friendly
- Child Friendly
- Dog Friendly
- Exercise Needs
- Health Issues
- Shedding Level
- Social Needs
- Stranger Friendly
- Watchdog Ability
Top 40 Grammar Pet Peeves Breed Characteristics
|Adaptability||stars||Energy Level||stars||Shedding Level||stars|
|Affection Level||stars||Grooming||star||Social Needs||stars|
|Child Friendly||stars||Health Issues||stars||Stranger Friendly||stars|
- Affection Level
- Child Friendly
- Dog Friendly
- Energy Level
- Health Issues
- Shedding Level
- Social Needs
- Stranger Friendly