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4 Diseases Your Pet Reptile Can Give You

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4 reptile diseases passed to humans – aybe you think it’s silly. But all pets have the potential of spreading zoonotic diseases, not just reptiles. These illnesses can be spread by bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites entering the mouth; they can also be spread through the air, or by a break on the skin. Infants, young children, pregnant women and the infirm or elderly are at greater risk of infection and should use extra caution when in contact with pet reptiles or their habitats.

4 reptile diseases passed to humans

Here are 4 zoonotic diseases that are frequently associated with reptiles.

Practice Proper Hygiene

Practice Proper Hygiene - 4 reptile diseases passed to humans

It’s important to first note that good hygiene is the most effective way to prevent the spread of illness between your family and pets – whether they are dogs and cats or reptiles. Thorough hand washing with soap and water after handling your pet, or cleaning your pet habitats, is essential. Additionally, many experts recommend that homes with children under the age of five forgo keeping reptiles as pets to minimize the risk of zoonotic infections.

 

1. Salmonella

4 Diseases Your Pet Reptile Can Give You 1

Salmonella are commonly found in all types of reptiles and can spread from reptiles to humans when something contaminated with reptile feces is placed in the mouth. For example, infants can become infected with Salmonella by drinking bottles of formula contaminated by contact with the reptile/reptile feces. Salmonella infection causes diarrhea, headache, fever and stomach cramps and can result in septicaemia (blood poisoning).

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2. Botulism

Botulism Reptile - 4 reptile diseases passed to humans

Botulism is a serious and life-threatening illness caused by a toxin released by the Clostridium bacterium that causes paralysis and death. Clostridium is found widely in the environment including soil and mud as spores and animals that live close to the ground are commonly contaminated with clostridium. Clostridium commonly contaminates reptiles, especially aquatic reptiles like turtles. Adults and older children have a range of bacteria that overgrow the spores responsible but small babies under the age of one year have not yet developed this protection.

 

3. Campylobacteriosis

 

Campylobacteriosis is one of the common forms of bacterial infections in humans. It is caused by a bacterium known as Campylobacter and leads to symptoms including diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever within 2-5 days after swallowing the bacterium (generally through contamination of food or water).

 

4. Leptospirosis

 

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection frequently found both in wild and domestic animals such as dogs, cats and reptiles. The infection is spread through contact with urine of animals carrying the bacterium. This contact can occur directly through cuts and scratches on your body or through the lining of the mouth, throat and eyes. The bacteria can also get into water or soil which and survive there for weeks to months. The majority of people with Leptospirosis have a flu-like illness, with a persistent and severe headache.

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Image: morrowlight / via Shutterstock

bacterium

The singular form of the word bacteria; a tiny, microscopic organism only made up of one cell.

Source: Internet

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4 Diseases Your Pet Reptile Can Give You Breed Characteristics

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Affection Level stars Exercise Needs stars Social Needs stars
Apartment Friendly stars Grooming stars Stranger Friendly stars
Barking Tendencies stars Health Issues stars Territorial stars
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Child Friendly star Playfulness stars Watchdog Ability stars
  1. Adaptability stars
  2. Affection Level stars
  3. Apartment Friendly stars
  4. Barking Tendencies stars
  5. Cat Friendly stars
  6. Child Friendly star
  7. Dog Friendly stars
  8. Exercise Needs stars
  9. Grooming stars
  10. Health Issues stars
  11. Intelligence stars
  12. Playfulness stars
  13. Shedding Level stars
  14. Social Needs stars
  15. Stranger Friendly stars
  16. Territorial stars
  17. Trainability stars
  18. Watchdog Ability stars

4 Diseases Your Pet Reptile Can Give You Breed Characteristics

Adaptability stars Energy Level stars Shedding Level stars
Affection Level stars Grooming star Social Needs stars
Child Friendly stars Health Issues stars Stranger Friendly stars
Dog Friendly stars Intelligence stars
  1. Adaptability stars
  2. Affection Level stars
  3. Child Friendly stars
  4. Dog Friendly stars
  5. Energy Level stars
  6. Grooming star
  7. Health Issues stars
  8. Intelligence stars
  9. Shedding Level stars
  10. Social Needs stars
  11. Stranger Friendly stars
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